McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Technology Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best called a Solution One fabricator and also has a history of competing in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis manufacturer, and has actually won the Canadian-American Difficulty Cup (Can-Am) sports car racing champion. The group is the second earliest active, and 2nd most successful Formula One group after Ferrari, having won 182 races, Drivers' Champions and 8 Contractors' Championships. The group is a completely owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the team won its very first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, however their biggest preliminary success remained in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. Additional American triumph followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren died in a testing accident in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the group to their first Solution One Constructors' Champion in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Championship in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of an enduring sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Task 4 Racing; Dennis took over as group principal and soon after organised a buyout of the initial McLaren shareholders to take full control of the group. This began the team's most effective era: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took in between them 7 Drivers' Champions and the group took six Manufacturers' Champions. The combination of Prost and Senna was especially dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- but later their competition soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English team Williams used the most constant challenge throughout this period, the two winning every constructors' title in between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had actually withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had relocated to Williams, and the team went 3 seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and previous Williams designer Adrian Newey, further champions was available in 1998 and 1999 with motorist Mika Häkkinen, and throughout the 2000s the team corresponded front-runners, chauffeur Lewis Hamilton taking their most current title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, handing over to long period of time McLaren employee Martin Whitmarsh. Nevertheless, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season since 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren revealed in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, changing Mercedes-Benz.
The team raced as McLaren Honda for the very first time because 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had actually agreed on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will go back to use Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season till at least 2024. After at first returning to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in combination with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports starting in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being named Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works motorist for the British Formula One group Cooper with whom he had won 3 Grands Prix and 570s gt4 come second in the 1960 World Champion. Wanting to complete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his employers, however when team owner Charles Cooper insisted on utilizing 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors permitted by the Tasman guidelines, Bruce decided to establish his own team to run him and his potential Formula One colleague Timmy Mayer with custom-built Cooper cars and trucks.